Shiraz, the City of Gardens and Poetry
Shiraz, the capital of Fars Province, is one of the most famous cities of Iran, located in the south of the country. With an area of 217 km, Shiraz is about 1484 m above sea level. At the 2016 census, the population of Shiraz was about 1,565,572. The beautiful city of Shiraz, enjoys a moderate climate. As one of the oldest cities of Ancient Persia, Shiraz was a trade center for over thousand years. The city was also the center of art in all forms.
Shiraz has a long history and based on having excellent crafts, the most famous and greatest poets of Iran and having a lot of historical and archaeological sites registered in UNESCO, it is considered as the “Cultural Capital of Iran”. Hence Shiraz is one of the important tourist destinations in Iran with lots of attractions. Thousands of tourists visit this beautiful city each year.
Among the most famous poets of Iran, Hafez and Saadi lived in Shiraz. Hafez is also famous in the world and has a great influence in the West in such a way that Goethe, the renowned poet of German literature, called him heiligen Hafis or Meister.
Shiraz is also famous as the city of flowers, gardens and nightingales. The title has been devoted to Shiraz due to fantastic gardens seen in the city. You can visit the most gorgeous gardens of Iran such as Eram Garden, Afifabad Garden, Jahan-nama Garden, Delgosha Garden, Nazar Garden, etc. Basically, Gardens of Iran or Persian Gardens are unique and have their own architecture. In fact Iranian architects has symbolized heaven and paradise into their design elements. They gardens were called “Pardis” that means paradise in Farsi (the origin of the word “Paradise” is from old Persian “Pardis”).
When to travel to Shiraz
The best time for visiting Shiraz may be in spring. It is just like a little paradise. You can See the trees’ blossoms everywhere. “Naranj” or bitter orange is among the most famous trees planted in Shiraz. The smell of fragrant blossoms scattering everywhere captivate you while you’re walking in the streets. If you travel to Shiraz, you can understand clearly why Shiraz has been called “the city of gardens, flowers and nightingales”. Shiraz is also called the “city of love”.
5th of May is called “Shiraz Day” by Shiraz City Council in Persian calendar. Because around this time (in the middle of spring) Shiraz really looks like a part of paradise with blooming trees everywhere and blowing breeze that scatters the smell of flowers all around the city. Therefore, each year, some special programs are held in this day. Visiting Shiraz attractions are also free in the “Day of Shiraz”. If you plan to travel to Shiraz or Iran this is the best time for your plan. That would be a memorable experience.
Shiraz is twin town or sister city with Nicosia (Cyprus), Dushanbe (Tajikistan), Weimar (Germany), Pécs (Hungary), and Chongqing (China).
Shiraz wine was also famous worldwide. The city had established a great reputation for producing the finest wine in the world in the 9th century. It was exported by the European merchants to the western countries in 17th century. Indeed, Shiraz was considered as Iran’s wine capital. However, after Iran Islamic Revolution it has been prohibited to be sold.
Art in Shiraz
Shiraz is bold in the field of Art and Culture. It was the center of music before 1979 revolution and different festivals were held there. Most music festivals were organized during 1967 to 1977 to hold 2500 year old celebrations of Persian Empire in Pahlavi era. Moreover, Shiraz city is famous for its Khatam, the Persian technique of inlaying. Khatam is a wooden handicraft decorated with polygonal shapes made of camel stones and metal.
Rug and carpet-weaving, mosaic and tile working are among prominent arts in Shiraz.
Medical Tourism in Shiraz
Shiraz also has a central role in health and medical tourism. It is considered as the most important medical Centre of Iran and even middle east which serves both Iranians and foreigners especially form Arab countries. Shiraz has the best University of Medicine in the middle east and There are many developed medical centers with expert physicians in this city that can do complicated operations and surgeries with least prices in contrast with European countries.
Who Travels to Shiraz
Shiraz is a very good destination for those who seek historical and cultural attractions or those who need medical cares and surgical treatments with good quality and reasonable prices.
In this article, you will become familiar with the most important attractions and hot spots in Shiraz.