Iran, also known as Persia, with an area of 1,648, 195 square kilometers is located in the Middle East with a rich history. Iran now has twenty-two World Heritage sites, the highest number in Western Asia. Throughout history, Iran, or Persia, has always been one of the most important countries in the entire region in which it is located.
This marvelous country, enjoying an old civilization, includes magnificent ancient sites, beautiful gardens (known as Persian gardens with their unique architecture and plants), religious shrines all introducing great Iranian vernacular architecture (which goes back to the 7th millennium BC.) and artworks to the world as well as beautiful nature that varies east to west and north to south.