Persian Carpet, the Glory of Art
Iranian carpet is known as the Persian carpet or Iranian rug worldwide. This art plays a vital role in the economy of Iran. Its beginning remains unknown. However, some believe it date backs to 2,500 years ago. It is obvious that Persian carpet has a world, full of beauty that reveals thousands of years of Persian history, tradition and culture. In fact, carpet weaving has been a part of Iranian culture woven by nomadic tribes, villagers, and manufactories in different parts of Iran, each has its own pattern, design, beauty, and bright color artistically.
At the beginning of Persian carpet weaving, weavers have used a technique known as “flat weaving” which is used mostly by nomadic tribes today. In this technique, the Persian carpet is woven in a flat surface with no pile. Afterward, a technique that is known as “loop weaving” was developed in which the weft strings were pulled over a gauge rod.
Persian nomadic carpets producing by different ethnic groups are classified mostly as Kurds, Bakhtiari and Luri, Chahar Mahal, Qashqai and Khamseh, Afshari, and Beluch based on their patterns, designs, and colors. There are also various kinds of Persian traditional carpet such as Gabbeh, Kilim, Soumak, Suzani, etc. having their advocates.
Persian carpets are woven by different materials such as wool, cotton, silk. These materials are dyeing by plants, insect reds, or modern synthetic dyes.
Persian carpets include 29 designs registered by the World Intellectual Property Organization internationally. Carpets of Tabriz, Isfahan, Kashan, Mashhad, Nain, Kerman, Qom, etc., either manufactured or hand-woven, are characterized by their famous patterns, designs, elaborated colors, and natural dyes as well as their specific materials and weaving techniques. The Persian carpets enjoy different designs such as lush botanical figures, geometric animals, people, and everyday objects each has its own history.