Termeh, a Luxurious Persian Fabric
One of the best Persian souvenirs is Termeh which attracts the attention of most travelers. This fabric is a type of Iranian handwoven cloth. Termeh is produced by silk and wool; gold and silver are also incorporated into the weave. It is woven by expert weavers. Its production is sensitive and time-consuming; thus only 25 to 30 centimeters (10 to 12 inches) is produced in a day.
The natural colors (usually a vegetable source) are used to weave Termeh. Red, green, orange and black are among the most used colors. However, red and its different shades are the most common background colors in producing Termeh. It has its roots in Iranian culture and tradition which dates back to the Achaemenid (532 B.C.) era (about 2500 years ago) and reach its zenith during the Safavid Period in the 16th century in which Zarbaf and Termeh weaving techniques were significantly refined.
Temreh is mostly used for decorative purposes in important ceremonies such as weddings. It can be used as spreadsheets, table-cloths, tights, scarves, cushion covers, curtains, garments, robes, royal headdresses, bags, shoes, etc. Among Termeh’s produced in Iran, Yazdi and Kermani are the most famous ones. Marco Polo, traveling the Silk Road, mentioned this product as a great silk tissue that merchants carry into many quarters to dispose of.
One of the most common motifs in producing Termeh is paisley or botteh. Furthermore, Termeh is designed by certain patterns such as cypress trees, fish, birds, and geometric shapes. The value of Termeh is assessed based on the quality of the threads; incorporation of gold and silver into it; the number of colors; the number of layers; the existence of border; five woven designs; and the uniqueness of the design.
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